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Open Access Article

International Journal of Pediatrics Research. 2022; 2: (3) ; 25-27 ; DOI: 10.12208/j. ijped. 20220037.

Risk factors of feeding intolerance in preterm infants
早产儿喂养不耐受的相关危险因素研究

作者: 梁伦亮*,

达州市妇女儿童医院 四川达州

*通讯作者: 梁伦亮,单位:达州市妇女儿童医院 四川达州;

发布时间: 2022-10-27 总浏览量: 57

摘要

目的 实验将针对早产儿喂养不耐受的相关危险因素进行讨论。方法 针对80例早产儿喂养不耐受患者为对象,同时选择无喂养不耐受的早产儿进行对比,样本来源于2021年6月,截止为2022年5月的早产儿,分析喂养不耐的特点以及相关危险因素。结果 从数据可见,患儿症状与胃潴留的发生率最高,其次则有腹胀加呕吐。从两组间的数据上对比观察组的胎龄低于对照组,且体重低于对照组,同时观察组产妇的开奶时间也晚于对照组,可见在多因素分析下,产妇的开奶时间以及是否使用呼吸机、胎膜早破等情况将有可能导致早产儿喂养不耐受。结论 早产儿喂养不耐受的表现以胃潴留为主,同时要重视独立危险因素,如出生体重,开奶时间,呼吸机的使用等,必须加强预防,重视喂养不耐受的管理。

关键词: 早产儿;喂养不耐受;低体重儿;开奶时间;相关危险因素

Abstract

Objective: This study will discuss the risk factors of feeding intolerance in preterm infants.
Methods: A total of 80 preterm infants with feeding intolerance were selected as the object, and the preterm infants without feeding intolerance were selected for comparison. The samples were collected from June 2021 to May 2022, and the characteristics and related risk factors of feeding intolerance were analyzed.
Results: According to the data, the incidence of symptoms and gastric retention was the highest, followed by abdominal distension and vomiting. From the data between the two groups, the gestational age and weight of the observation group were lower than those of the control group, and the breastfeeding time of the observation group was later than that of the control group. It can be seen that under the multivariate analysis, the breastfeeding time of the puerpera, the use of ventilator, premature rupture of membranes and other conditions may lead to feeding intolerance of preterm infants.
Conclusion  s: The main manifestation of feeding intolerance in preterm infants is gastric retention. At the same time, we should pay attention to independent risk factors, such as birth weight, milk opening time, ventilator use, etc., so we must strengthen the prevention and pay attention to the management of feeding intolerance.

Key words: premature infants; Feeding intolerance; Low birth weight infants; Milk opening time; Related risk factors

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引用本文

梁伦亮, 早产儿喂养不耐受的相关危险因素研究[J]. 国际儿科研究杂志, 2022; 2: (3) : 25-27.